In this tutorial you will register a new domain name for your website. This fee is not refundable. When you register a domain, we automatically create a hosted zone that has the same name as the domain.

You use the hosted zone to specify where you want Amazon Route 53 to route traffic for your domain. You can delete the hosted zone if you want to avoid this charge. Note : If you are using Elastic Load Balancing Elastic Load Balancing is done automatically if you launched your app with Amazon Elastic Beanstalk then you do not need to obtain a static IP address and can go directly to step 2.

If you remove the instance e. Press the Actions button and choose the Associate Address option. Click in the Instance text box and choose the option that has your instance name.

Note : in the WordPress tutorial we named this machine WordPress. Now that you have an IP address associated with your instance, we will need to configure the Domain Name System DNS to point to this address so that people can find your website. Note : In this example we will be acquiring a new domain name and associating it with the Elastic IP address we just created which is attached to your instance.


If you already have a domain name, or if you choose to use another domain registrar to get a domain name, please refer to their documentation on configuring DNS for your instance. You can register new domain names with Route 53 as well as manage DNS records for your domain. Click the Register Domain button. And click the Check button to see if the domain is available. If the domain is available, click the Add to cart button and scroll to the bottom of the page to click Continue.

Note : Domains are not part of the free tier so you will be charged for any domain you register. Enter your Contact Details. These are the details that will be associated with your domain name.

When you are done, click Continue at the bottom of the page. Review the details as they are listed and, if they are correct, check the box titled I have read and agree to the AWS Domain Name Registration Agreement. Then click the Complete Purchase button. If you registered a domain that has a generic top-level domain such as. We don't send an email if we already have confirmation that the email address is valid. You must follow the link in this email to confirm your email addressor the domain won't be registered.Some environments will require you to join your Windows servers to a domain.

The following will show the steps taken to automatically join a server to a Windows domain. By creating an IAM role and assigning the role to the instance we can eliminate the need to use an IAM user account with access keys. IAM roles utilize temporary credentials to grant access. Follow the prompts through, clicking next until the Role is finally created.

With the role created, we must now create a new Inline policy which will grant access to the S3 bucket. To join newly launched instances to a domain you need to make use of UserData, which allows you to run scripts during the initial startup of the launch. By using the UserData you can run commands. For our case, we will be executinig an EXE to join to the domain. Follow the remaining steps to complete launching of the instance.

AWS – Auto join EC2 Windows instance to Active Directory Domain

The instance will launch, download the exe, execute it and restart. It copies down the. It doesn't create any log files either. Any suggestions? I noticed there are times when the metadata is not available from AWS, so I added a loop until it is available. I also changed the process to rename and join the server to the domain. Separating the steps out fixes the issue of random errors reporting the directory service is busy.

Exception Out-File c:temperror-joindomain. I followed your modified script but it did not do anything. Here is the powershell script that I used in the 'User Data' section. That means the actual script is OK. Rafiq, Does the server have access to S3 and able to download the file? Thanks for looking in to this. Yes, sorry, that was my mistake. I corrected everything and analyzed the logs. Two different issues are now in two different scenarios:. NET 3. So, nothing happens.

This is what the logs show. So, my understanding is this is what happens: 1. Is the user account that you are using to join to the domain have proper permissions to add computers? NET 4. If you are creating your own custom AMI and disabling. NET that could cause an issue, I'd have to test that scenario. Is there anything in the log file, per your script, c:temperror-joindomain. There may be a log generated in the event log as well.Systems Manager determines the actions to perform on a managed instance by reading the contents of an SSM document.

Each document includes a code-execution section. Depending on the schema version of your document, this code-execution section can include one or more plugins or steps. For the purpose of this Help topic, plugins and steps are called plugins. This section includes information about each of the Systems Manager plugins.


For more information about documents, including information about creating documents and the differences between schema versions, see AWS Systems Manager documents. Some of the plugins described here run only on either Windows Server instances or Linux instances. Platform dependencies are noted for each plugin. Install, repair, or uninstall applications on an EC2 instance. This plugin only runs on Windows Server operating systems. Valid values: Install Repair Uninstall.

The URL of the. This plugin has been deprecated. We recommend using only the unified CloudWatch agent for your log collection processes.

For more information, see the following topics:. Migrate Windows Server instance log collection to the CloudWatch agent. Sends any text-based log file to Amazon CloudWatch Logs. The CloudWatch plugin creates a fingerprint for log files. The system then associates a data offset with each fingerprint. The plugin uploads files when there are changes, records the offset, and associates the offset with a fingerprint.

This method is used to avoid a situation where a user enables the plugin, associates the service with a directory that contains a large number of files, and the system uploads all of the files.

Be aware that if your application truncates or attempts to clean logs during polling, any logs specified for LogDirectoryPath can lose entries. If, for example, you want to limit log file size, create a new log file when that limit is reached, and then continue writing data to the new file.When AD Connector is configured, the trust allows you to:. AD Connector cannot be used with your custom applications, as it is only used for secure AWS integration for the three use-cases mentioned above.

Custom applications relying on your on-premises Active Directory should communicate with your domain controllers directly. It also enables you to reuse your existing Active Directory security policies such as password expiration, password history, and account lockout policies.

Also, your users will no longer need to remember yet another user name and password combination. In sum, AD Connector helps to foster a hybrid environment by allowing you to leverage your existing on-premises investments to control different facets of AWS. This blog post will show you how AD Connector works as well as walk through how to enable federated console access, assign users to roles, and seamlessly join an EC2 instance to an Active Directory domain.

Hosting AWS, domain on GoDaddy

AD Connector forwards sign-in requests to your Active Directory domain controllers for authentication and provides the ability for applications to query the directory for data. Rather, all authentication, lookup, and management requests are handled by your Active Directory. The AD connector proxy instances use an algorithm similar to the Active Directory domain controller locator process to decide which domain controllers to connect to for all LDAP and Kerberos requests.

AD Connector comes in two sizes: small and large. AD Connector is highly available, meaning underlying hosts are deployed across multiple Availability Zones in the region you deploy.

In the event of host-level failure, Directory Service will promptly replace failed hosts. Directory Service also applies performance and security updates automatically to AD Connector. The following diagram illustrates the authentication flow and network path when you enable AWS Management Console access:. The user session is valid for 1 hour. Your domain also has to be running at Windows functional level or later. Also, various ports have to be opened between your VPC and your on-premises environment to allow AD Connector to communicate with your on-premises directory.

To allow users to sign in with their Active Directory credentials, you need to explicitly enable console access. This will open another dialog box that asks whether you want to enable console access. When you create a new role through the Directory Service console, AD Connector automatically adds a trust relationship to Directory Service. The following code example shows the IAM trust policy for the role, after a role is created.

Role mapping is what governs what resources a user has access to within AWS. This section of this blog post will explain the steps necessary to enable this feature in your environment and how the service works.

With this role in place, you can now join a Windows instance to your domain via the EC2 launch wizard. When you create a new Windows instance from the EC2 launch wizard, the wizard automatically creates the SSM configuration document from the information stored in AD Connector. The configuration document is a JSON file that contains various parameters used to configure your instances. The following code example is a configuration document for joining a domain.

This step requires that the user have permission to use SSM to configure an instance.


This blog post has shown you how you can simplify account management by federating with your Active Directory for AWS Management Console access. In addition, you now have a quick and easy way to enable single sign-on without needing to replicate identities or deploy additional infrastructure on premises.

Please sign in to leave a comment. Easy Cloud General Articles. The following diagram illustrates the authentication flow and network path when you enable AWS Management Console access: A user opens the secure custom sign-in page and supplies their Active Directory user name and password.Post a Comment. Part four can be found here. In addition to joining the instance to the domain, it also adds a user to the administrators group.

This means the domain user can login into the instance as an administrator and perform admin tasks with domain credential and completely avoiding instance level passwords. This helper function domain joins and adds the specified user to the local administrators group. A document with these two tasks is constructed. Then the document is passed to SSMAssociated which creates the actual document, associates with the instances and waits for the convergence. The script below simply picks the first one.

The instance should be able to communicate with the DNS server associated with the directory. The easiest way is to create the instance in the same subnet. Instead of picking the first subnet, pick the corresponding subnet. Sample to match a subnet can be found at link. Below script locates the right one. No comments:. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.If you need to perform seamless domain join across multiple AWS accounts, you can optionally choose to enable Directory sharing.

From the Region selector in the navigation bar, choose the same Region as the existing directory. On the Step 2 page, select the appropriate instance type, and then choose Next: Configure Instance Details.

On the Step 3 page, do the following, and then choose Next: Add Storage :. For Networkchoose the VPC that your directory was created in. For Subnetchoose one of the public subnets in your VPC. The subnet that you choose must have all external traffic routed to an internet gateway.

If this is not the case, you won't be able to connect to the instance remotely. For Domain join directorychoose your domain from the list. This option is only available for Windows instances. Linux instances must be manually joined to the directory as explained in Manually Join a Linux Instance.

Under Select type of trusted entitychoose AWS service. Under Choose the service that this role will usein the full list of services, choose EC2. To filter the list, type SSM in the search box. Optional Add one or more tag key-value pairs to organize, track, or control access for this role, and then choose Next: Review. For Role nameenter a name for your new role, such as EC2DomainJoin or another name that you prefer.

Optional For Role descriptionenter a description. Go back to the Step 3 page. Your new role should be visible in the menu. Choose it and leave the rest of the settings on this page with their default values, and then choose Next: Add Storage. On both the Step 4 and Step 5 pages, leave the default settings or make changes as needed, and then choose the Next buttons. On the Step 6 page, select a security group for the instance that has been configured to allow remote access to the instance from your network, and then choose Review and Launch.

On the Step 7 page, choose Launchselect a key pair, and then choose Launch Instance. Javascript is disabled or is unavailable in your browser.

Seamlessly Join a Windows EC2 Instance

Please refer to your browser's Help pages for instructions. If you've got a moment, please tell us what we did right so we can do more of it. Thanks for letting us know this page needs work. We're sorry we let you down. If you've got a moment, please tell us how we can make the documentation better.Seamlesssly joining Windows EC2 instances in AWS to a Microsoft Active Directory domain is a common scenario, especially for enterprises building a hybrid cloud architecture.

In this blog post, I will first show you how to get the Amazon EC2 launch wizard to pick up your custom domain-join configuration by default—including an organizational unit—when launching new Windows instances. I also will show you how to enable an EC2 Auto Scaling group to automatically join newly launched instances to a target domain.

SSM is a service that enables you to remotely manage the configuration of your Windows EC2 instances. The following is a sample SSM document with an aws:domainJoin command configuration. Based on this sample, you can author an SSM document that contains your own domain-join configuration, including the organizational unit to which you want the server to be added. Throughout this blog post, placeholder values are presented in red text. You should replace those values with your AWS information.

The default SSM document contains the necessary domain-join configuration, but without the directoryOU property. For more information about this security consideration, see Managing Windows Instance Configuration. The command is not executed again when an instance is stopped and started, or when the instance reboots. This is simply an indication that you have never attempted to launch EC2 instances from the wizard to join the target directory, so the default SSM document for the directory has not been created yet.

In such a case, you should skip to Step 5. If the default document does exist, it will be because you previously launched instances from the wizard to join a target domain. If you have never launched instances to join your domain from the wizard, the command output will be an empty list of associations.

Otherwise, the command returns a list of all the instances that were launched to join your domain from the wizard.


Save the output to a file for your reference. Auto Scaling is a service that helps you ensure that you have the correct number of EC2 instances available to handle the load for your applications. Collections of EC2 instances are called Auto Scaling groupsand you can specify the minimum number of instances in each Auto Scaling group. Auto Scaling ensures that your group never goes below this size. Similarly, you can specify the maximum number of instances in each Auto Scaling group, and Auto Scaling ensures that your group never exceeds this size.

What if you want instances to join an Active Directory domain automatically when they are launched in an Auto Scaling group? What if you still need to set the organizational unit? The following steps show you how you can accomplish this by invoking SSM from a Windows PowerShell script when you boot up your instances.

In this step, you will create a new IAM policy with permissions to allow your instances to perform the ssm:CreateAssociation action, which will join each instance to your domain. Finally, click Validate Policy. You will specify this role later on in the Auto Scaling launch configuration wizard. This is the step where it all comes together.